X-ray fluorescence (XRF)

X-ray fluorescence (XRF) is an analytical technique that can be used to determine the chemical composition of a wide variety of sample types including solids, liquids, slurries and loose powders. X-ray fluorescence is also used to determine the thickness and composition of layers and coatings. It can analyze elements from beryllium (Be) to uranium (U) in concentration ranges from ppm to 100%  levels.